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Fragility and poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa: two sides of the same coin

In 1990, about half of the population in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia and two-thirds in East Asia and the Pacific were living in extreme poverty (defined as living on less than what today amounts to around $2.15 per person per day). In the three decades that followed, these three regions have undertaken quite different development paths. In 2019, 35 percent of the population in sub-Saharan Africa were estimated to be living in extreme poverty, compared to 9 percent in South Asia and 1 percent in East Asia and the Pacific.

Multidimensional Poverty Index- A Progress Review from India by NITI Aayog

Most of the world’s extreme poor live in middle income countries – but not for long

IIn the early 1990s, there was a near complete overlap between poor people and poor countries, with more than 9 out of 10 of the world’s extreme poor living in low-income countries at the time. This picture changed over the following two decades, in part driven by the movement in and out of the low-income group of populous countries like China and India where most of the extreme poor lived.

Pandemic, prices, and poverty

The world’s poorest population have faced two extraordinarily difficult years. The pandemic has caused unprecedented reversals in poverty reduction that are further exacerbated by rising inflation and the effects of the war in Ukraine.

The end of an era of global income convergence

This is the first blog in a series about how countries can correct course and make progress in global poverty reduction. This series was published originally on the World bank blogs.

Half of the global population lives on less than US$6.85 per person per day

This is the first blog in a series about how countries can correct course and make progress in global poverty reduction. This series was published originally on the World bank blogs.