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There has been some decline in extreme poverty in Nigeria, but progress has been slow over the last ten years and the poverty rate remains relatively high compared to countries at similar income levels. Drivers of poverty are strong in Nigeria with conflict, climate change, urbanisastion, and harmful social norms being prevalent. Changing course on poverty reduction in Nigieria will require improved evidence of poverty dynamics and what works to address poverty specific to the Nigerian context. DEEP is working on innovations in data to measure extreme poverty, analysing of the main drivers of poverty in Nigeria, and studying what works to reduce extreme poverty.

Projects in the country

Project 1: What works to reduce extreme poverty?

A selective review of what works to reduce extreme poverty in five countries, undertaken as part of DEEP’s inception phase.

Project 2: Mixed data for understanding the nexus of conflict and fragility in Nigeria

The northwest and northeast zones of Nigeria have high levels of chronic poverty and deprivation. Violence and conflict contribute to accelerating poverty and humanitarian crises. The northwest now has a mix of herder-farmer, criminal gangs and jihadist conflicts. In the northeast, Boko Haram has led an insurgency for a decade as part of its actions across the whole Lake Chad basin. Nigeria also experiences significant climate exposure risk, with the coastal states facing storm surges and floods, negative rainfall in the southeast, and aridity across northern states but also riverine floods in parts of these areas. The Middle Belt also experiences negative rainfall and floods. The various natural hazards coupled with weak government management of disaster risks has heightened people’s vulnerability. In light of these crises, this study is examining programme design options in the context of the Federal Government’s National Poverty Reduction with Growth Strategy. The study is investigating why chronic and multidimensional poverty is so widespread, the relationship between poverty dynamics and prolonged crises marked by armed conflict, climate shocks and the pandemic, and what tole state, federal government and other agencies play in protecting against risks in a multi-hazard context like Nigeria. The study uses a mixed methods apprhac, iteratively sequencing analysis of panel data with qualitative data collection and analysis in a subset of locations.

Poverty Trends in Nigeria

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