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Ending extreme poverty amidst fragility, conflict, and violence-Thematic paper

This paper examines how Fragile, Conflict-affected, and Violent (FCV) settings have impacted efforts to reduce extreme poverty today and concludes that given the complex relationship between FCVs and poverty, a flexible portfolio approach that responds to different sources of impoverishment is needed.

Providing a high level summary of the latest, well-evidenced research on measures to address extreme poverty amidst FCV, and identifying priority areas where further research would contribute value, the paper also highlights policy and investment areas across multiple sectors.

Top observations on linkages between FCVs and poverty include:

  • The degree and type of  policies to eradicate poverty established can influence the rate of poverty reduction.
  • There are a range of meso- or community-level institutional pathways through which FCVs may affect extreme poverty. Local labour markets can become depressed through destroyed. infrastructure like roads connecting people to markets, and the destruction of labour and both physical and human capital.
  • Conflict can lead to forced displacements, giving rise to refugees and internally displaced people. Women and children, older people, and persons with disabilities may be particularly vulnerable, as well as groups facing intersecting inequalities.

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