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Impact of Covid-19 on employment, income, poverty and inequality in India: evidence from a village study

In the last few decades, India impressed the world with its rapid economic growth, in particular after the introduction of economic reforms in the 1990s. This economic growth is also associated with a faster decline in poverty, especially after 2000. The poverty rate declined from nearly 50 per cent in 1987- 88 to 21.9 per cent by 2011-12 (Datt and Ravallion 2011; Dang and Lanjouw 2018). In the health and educational sphere also, India made substantial improvements (Himanshu 2019). However, the progress and development that India achieved were halted with the onset of the worldwide global pandemic- Covid-19.

In this paper, we attempt to contribute to the existing literature by understanding the impact of Covid-19 on employment, income, poverty and inequality in India based on the data obtained from three rounds (2008-09, 2018-19 and 2020-21) of household surveys conducted in Alabujanahalli, a village located in the southern part of Karnataka.

Available at: https://doi.org/10.55158/DEEPWP21